Maintaining the garden is a task that takes dedication, some knowledge and time, but it is possible if it is planned properly. You will have to take care of the soil, choose the best time to sow, be attentive to the weather, take care of pests and diseases, among other issues that take time and commitment.
Thinking of a more practical and dynamic garden, we recommend these 18 vegetables that grow in 60 days or less for you to grow in your garden.
We recommend you get a sowing calendar for your area to find the right time for each crop.
1. Watercress - 10 days
Watercress (Nasturtium officinale) is that vegetable that can be planted in any corner, as long as it has plenty of water. It offers various nutrients and gives food a spicy and refreshing taste. It is considered an aquatic perennial, and can be grown in a water garden.
Considered one of the oldest leafy vegetables consumed by humans, watercress is a close cousin to chestnut mustard, cabbage, and arugula.
It is possible to harvest in 10 days, as soon as the plants have reached 12.5 to 15 cm in height, using kitchen or garden shears to cut the first 10 cm of them.
This vegetable can be produced in the style Baby leaf , in which the leaves can be consumed when they are young, something similar to sprouts.
2. Chives - 21 days
Chives (Allium schoenoprasum L .; Allium fistulosum L.) are very fond of the sun, but can also be planted in the shade in a small vase indoors. When they reach 15 cm they are ready for harvest.
Green onions are a very rustic plant and will grow well in almost any soil except waterlogged and highly acidic soils.
Tip: Cut it close to the base instead of pulling it off the ground. Therefore, the bulb can sprout again and you will always have green onions growing.
3. Radish - 22 days
Radish (Raphanus sativus) is one of the vegetables that grows in less than 60 days and already has sprouts that appear on the third day. It takes up little space in the garden, it can be planted at any time of the year, however, it prefers full sun and cold weather.
Tip: If the radish is not harvested at the right time, it can turn bitter and tough.
4. Lettuce - 30 days
Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) is that leaf that cannot be left on the table, right? The good news is that it is also a fast growing vegetable. Therefore, take advantage of and plant several species to always have a varied and different salad. There are purple, painted, smooth, curly ...
Lettuce prefers a cool and temperate climate, such as spring and fall, soils with a lot of organic matter and airy.
5. Spinach - 40 days
Spinach (Spinacea oleracea L) is a leaf that likes partial shade and soils rich in organic matter. It must be watered daily and can be harvested in 4 weeks.
It is rich in nutrients, however, its consumption cannot be exaggerated, since its leaves also contain a high concentration of oxalates.
6. Turnip - 40 days
Crispy and hot, turnip (Brassica rapa) is the 2-in-1 vegetable. While you wait for the bulb to grow, you can harvest the leaves and use them to make delicious salads as they taste similar to mustard.
It prefers loose soil rich in compost, and its ideal time for harvest is 50 days from sowing. It is rich in vitamin C, fiber and minerals, and it contains few calories.
7. Arugula - 40 days
Arugula (Eruca sativa L.) is the richest source of iron in the entire garden. It can be planted throughout the year and harvested after 40 days. It also contains calcium, phosphorus and vitamins, and like chives, it is part of the leaves that can grow back.
8. Cucumber - 50 days
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) does not like cold weather very much and prefers sandy soil, and like all other plants it must be rich in compost. It is a great diuretic, as it contains 95% water. With potassium in abundance, it is ideal to be consumed in the form of salads and preserves.
The harvest must be carried out when the cucumber reaches 20 centimeters in length and the external color is dark green, although it may vary according to the species.
9. Mini carrot - 50 days
In addition to other vegetables, the mini carrot (Daucus carota L.) can be prepared in many ways, from a snack to a main dish. It prefers sandy soils. It is rich in vitamins that are beneficial for the skin and the immune system, such as beta-carotene.
The most common have orange roots, but there are also purple, yellow, red and white carrots.
10. Beet - 50 days
Delicious and sweet, beetroot (Beta vulgaris L.) is ready for harvest after 50 days. However, its foliage, which, like the turnip, is edible, takes only 30 days to be ideal for consumption. It is rich in iron and folic acid, so it has many benefits. These include preventing liver problems, detoxifying the skin, increasing the production of red blood cells, and even improving the immune system. Plant in spring and autumn, as it does not support high temperatures, preferring a temperate climate.
11. Pod - 50 days
The pod (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is one of the types of vegetables that grow in less than 60 days when they put their faces in the sun. Despite being in the same family as pea, it prefers full sun and drained soil, so the best time to plant is in early spring when the soil begins to warm up. It is rich in vitamins, folic acid and iron.
12. Kale - 50 days
Kale, butter, purple, Portuguese, there are more than 10 kinds of kale, a relative of cabbage and the good news is that they can all be harvested after 50 days. It is that vegetable that everyone should always have at home because its nutritional value is high. Just choose the ideal type for the climatic conditions where you live.
13. Zucchini - 50 days
Zucchini is a cousin of cucumber and cane, a family that loves the sun and water. Also, it prefers ventilated places, so avoid leaving it indoors. It has vitamins, antioxidant properties and low caloric value.
Zucchini bring beauty and colors to the environment with flowers that will bring the garden to life. Also, they are edible.
14. Chard - 50 days
From the same family as beets, chard can be multi-colored, with white, yellow, orange, and even red stems. It prefers a temperate climate, but can withstand extreme temperatures.
Tip: When planted in pots, leave it for a few hours in full sun, it needs good light to grow.
15. Pea - 60 days
The pea (Pisum sativum L.) prefers a humid and cool climate, and is so resistant that it can germinate at a temperature of up to 5ºC. The vine type grows even faster because it does not need to expend energy to develop a stem, as in the case of climbing peas.
16. Thyme - 30 days
A quiet plant that requires little care to grow, thyme (Thymus vulgaris) prefers warm, sandy locations. Avoid excess water, it can burn the leaves and also kill the seedlings.
It contains essential oil rich in thymus, which is why it is widely used for the treatment of lung diseases.
The flavor of common thyme leaves is strongest when dry, and this is how they are generally used. The branches can be left to dry in a place without direct sunlight, dry and with good ventilation. Lemon thyme or citrus thyme leaves are preferably used fresh.
17. Basil - 45 days
Basil (Ocimum minima) is the sweetest herb in cooking. It can also be known as basil and basil, depending on the region. It has more than 100 types of species, it is rich in vitamins, antioxidants, and has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic, expectorant and even sedative properties.
He really likes the water, the sun and the ventilation. It is the natural repellent of the garden, keeping insects away from other plants. If it is planted next to the tomato, it can scare off the whitefly.
18. Cilantro - 50 days
The only intolerance to coriander (Coriandrum sativum L) is cold weather. Therefore, it is a very popular condiment in warmer regions. It may be loved by some and hated by others, but that does not change the fact that it is a rich source of vitamins A, B, B1, B2 and C.
The plants should be sown, with a separation of 8 to 10 centimeters. It is undemanding in relation to the soil and very tolerant of acidity.
From the same family as parsley, it is very easy to grow and can be planted anywhere.
Finally, now that you know all these options, you can no longer use the excuse that gardening takes a long time.