According to a letter to the European Commission (EC), 12 states of the European Union (EU) are asking the EC to accelerate the process of establishing a new climate plan by 2030 that will serve as an ambitious example at the upcoming global summit on climate change. weather.
The EC wants to toughen the EU's climate target for 2030 this year, to require a 50 percent or 55 percent cut in greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 levels, instead of the current minimum of 40 percent.
According to Reuters, the letter signed by a dozen EU states asks the EC to present a plan of climate goals long before the United Nations climate summit, known as COP26, in November to give EU members time to agree on a final reduction target.
"If the fact that the EU takes the lead is going to have an effect, then it should not only be before the summit, but also well in advance," DanJoergensen, Denmark's climate minister and initiator of the letter, told Reuters.
Parties to the Paris Agreement on climate change meet at the COP26 summit in Glasgow in November, where they must commit to meeting tougher targets to cut emissions.
Under the Paris Agreement, each country committed to curbing national emissions. However, the combined efforts of countries' current pledges would still put the world on track to around three degrees Celsius of warming by the end of the century, well above the 1.5 ° C level that scientists say would avoid the most devastating impacts. of climate change.
The letter, addressed to the European Union's climate chief, Frans Timmermans, says that discussions between member countries on the final EU target for 2030 should start by June at the latest. That requires the EC, the EU's governing body, to have made its own recommendation and plan before that.
"Therefore, we encourage the EC to submit the 2030 Climate Target Plan as soon as possible and no later than June 2020, to advance discussions in a timely manner," the letter states.
The document, which was sent to the EU Commission, said that a united European bloc could create the “momentum” necessary for the nations of the world to sharpen their climate ambitions.
Joergensen considered that it was possible to finish the negotiations if the plan was ready by June, but even that could pose a challenge.
"At the moment, we are in a situation where we fear we will not arrive on time because the EC timeline does not suggest a proposal before September," he said.
The letter was signed by Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia, Latvia and France.