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Asinara National Park, we know it as a Sardinian island, or for the prison, but it is also protected by this beautiful park that extends between sea and land, since 1997, the year in which it was established by decree, on November 28th. Today it is a paradise for both flora and fauna, we find the mouflon and the wild boar, Sardinian endemic species and on the verge of extinction, from the fragrant Mediterranean scrub to the sea. Even the sea is the keeper of wonders.
Asinara National Park: where it is located
The Asinara National Park, is located around and onAsinara island, the corresponding marine area falls within the municipality of Porto Torres but touches the others, those overlooking the Gulf, such as Stintino, Sassari and Sorso. The island, and therefore the Asinara National Park, is in front of the Headland of Capo Falcone, in the area in the extreme north-west of Sardinia, near the small Isola Piana.
Asinara National Park: video
the Asinara National Park It shows itself in all its beauty in this video. Not at all, in truth: it is impossible to contain the overflowing perfumed vivacity of this protected area, but we can consider this as an excellent trailer for the show that we will see as soon as we disembark or land in Sardinia, headed for the Asinara National Park.
Click here to watch the video.
Asinara National Park: extension
L'Marine Protected Area of the Asinara National Park embraces the island and extends for about 108 square km, the area of the island, as a territory on which we can walk with our legs, on dry land, is instead about half of the square km. Traveling along the coasts of the island, we measure 110 km in length, mostly seeing mountain views, with peaks such as tip of the Excommunication (408 m a.s.l.), Punta Maestra (265 meters) and Punta Tumbarino (241 meters).
Some plains can sometimes be found in Asinara National Park turning with patience, it was once cultivated by the natives, today no longer. Both the marine and terrestrial areas are divided into zones A, B, C as the degree of environmental Protection they can enjoy. A, about 5% of the entire protected area, is an integral reserve. 65% of the B is a general reserve while the C is a partial reserve and constitutes the remaining 30% of the Asinara National Park.
Asinara National Park: fauna
Once upon a time the Asinara National Park it housed the mouflon, the Sardinian deer, the monk seal and the osprey today let's see what is left and what has arrived as a new entry. In the protected area from the point of view of fauna, Sardinian-Corsican endemic species such as the small algyroid lizard, the Sardinian barn owl, lo wren, the flycatcher and the black bunting, the oak and our friend mouflon.
A focus on vulnerable species - storm bird, seagull course and common tern - and the seven rare species including the Sardinian hare, the tarantolino and the crested cormorant.
The recorded species of invertebrates are over 500 and are a universe to explore, among the amphibians there are tree frogs, discoglossus and emerald toad near the fountains while as reptiles the species reported are 12 including the common tortoise, the Greek one and the colubro. The birds of the Asinara National Park are an important section of the fauna: around 150 species have been observed, of which 52 nesting, 80 of European conservation interest.
As a peculiarity, there is the magpie Pica Pica, brought by some inmates and bred as a pet, and among the 11 species of mammals present, in addition to the mouflons introduced in the 1950s, there are wild boar and donkeys. Plural because there is the Sardinian gray one and the characteristic white donkey of Asinara.
Asinara National Park: flora
Among the flora of the Asinara National Park and the Sardinian one in a broader sense there are no great differences. Along the rocky coasts, there is low vegetation where the sea fennel, the gorse of the cliffs and the limonium with acute leaves. Where there is a bit of sand, here is the weed of the beaches, the pungent esparto, the santolina of the beaches and the sea lily.
As for forests, there is not much in the Asinara National Park due to the invasion of the pastures, the Mediterranean scrub resists with the Phoenician juniper and the euphorbia which is among other things toxic. In other areas we can meet bushes of fragrant lavender, the beautiful thorny cornflower and the Corsican broom.
Asinara National Park: how to get there from Porto Torres
To reach the Asinara National Park from Porto Torres there is a maritime connection with specific boats, if desired there is also the secondary port but closer to Stintino. In summer, as an additional option to land on the beautiful island, there are maritime connections with the ports of Castelsardo and of Santa Teresa di Gallura.
Once we reach Asinara we can enjoy the flora and fauna ad nauseam, and then take a trip to see some buildings. The Austro-Hungarian ossuary, dating back to the First World War, for example, or in the locality of Fornelli, the'Turtle Hospital.
It was established in 2004 to study the species and recover injured or accidentally captured specimens, but we visitors may also be interested in teaching and environmental education activities. A wildlife observatory of Asinara National Park it is then located in Tumbarino.
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