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Surfinia, of the Solanaceae family, is a very branched herbaceous plant, one of the most present on our balconies, even if the name sounds unfamiliar, alongside the geraniums. Even the breeders have given her a lot of attention so that today the choice is wide. We can find the Surfinia that suits us, of all sizes, with flowers of numerous colors, even weird like black, and with compact or drooping hair.
Surfinia: the flower
The flowers of Surfinia they are funnel-shaped, this shape is practically the only constant because then it is found in every variety. Especially in the colors, but also in the number and dimensions. For example, we can find double and simple inflorescences, large or small, and then with veined, streaked flowers, with a different colored and even wavy margin.
The leaves are quite numerous and alternating they accompany the whole stem. To the touch they can be unpleasant because they are covered with a fluff thick and dense. So unpleasant, yes, to push some breeders to spend their time inventing crosses that would decrease this plush effect not endured by everyone.
As a plant, the Surfinia it is perennial but not being used to our climate, therefore not loving our winters, although not from northern Europe, they are actually plants grown by us as annuals. The flowers appear in spring and last until October-November.
There Surfinia as the PetuniaEven if it is not in its ideal climate, if it feels loved, it blooms for long periods. Surprisingly, you may find small plants as a gift already in March and if the weather holds, without too much rain and too much wind, this plant remains in bloom until November.
Surfinia: colors and varieties
The Genere of Surfinia includes about 25-26 species, born in Latin America, in the rainforests of Brazil, two species have arrived and imported here in Europe: P. phoenicea and P. nyctaginiflora. Each plant of Surfinia that we meet today is one of these or one of the many hybrids born from them. S.'s career is full of crossbreeds and she is used to them, having in fact been born from the cross between small-flowered climbing species and traditional petunias. This makes it one particularly vigorous plant and capable of growing up to two meters, cascading.
It is not very different, to the eye, from Petunia and it is very likely that someone is convinced that they have Petunias and that's it, on their balcony, while there is also one Surfinia incognita. Never mind, they are both capable of blooming profusely, even in the absence of conditions that are optimal for them.Also as colors, the choice is always rich: white, red, yellow, purple, pink. And not only.
Particular and fascinating, the S. Nera surprising. You may like it or not, but it cannot be denied that it strikes and captures attention. However, it does not require special attention and can be cultivated like its sisters of other colors. I saw and bought some seedlings at a flower fair and, when placed in pots in the garden, they gave a dark and mysterious touch that did not make me regret the purchase. Then, de gustobus, but I suggest you let yourself be fascinated. With the contrast created by green leaves, the Black Surfinia your balcony is neither gloomy nor saddened.
For those who really don't want to see black, there is the White surfinia. Also excellent for those who want a balcony or a garden with a black and white corner. Also in this case, the color so pure does not require special care. And it's not dirty either, albeit white.
Some consider it anonymous, others the best of the Surfinie, because it is bright. It is a rather classic color for a flower, which, on the one hand, can be boring, on the other hand, if inserted in a balcony, it can be comfortable. To be associated with geraniums or petunias or with a Surfinia of another color. I make a yellow and black balcony, for example, but everyone can indulge themselves. The important thing is that yellow is the color of flowers of your plant and not leaves. It wouldn't be a good sign.
Let's see how it is grown Surfinia, being a plant to be kept well and to be felt welcomed since the Italian climate is not its ideal. He comes from Brazil, so ... how could he? With a lot of love and attention, it is possible. We talked about the yellow daughters, here: in mid-summer it can happen that the plant is weakened and its stems turn yellow.
Without delay we need to reduce their size 1 or 2/3 and then let the plant recover. As a maintenance, you should always clean the branches of dried leaves and flowers in order to encourage new blooms.
At the climatic level, the dangers for the Surfinia are the wind and the rain, as pathologies and parasites, instead, let's note the most common: the red spider, the aphids - green or brownish animals - and thePowdery mildew.
To cultivate the Surfinia properly, it is important to water it until the soil is moist but not soaked with water. In just measure and with rigorous regularity. Also there fertilization for surfinia it is very important because they are plants considered to be nourishment eaters. A great product for Surfinia and this organic nitrogen fertilizer, fluid. It is natural, obtained from sugar beet production, and has excellent properties. It should be administered once a week, 5ml for each liter of water and 250ml online they cost less than 5 euros.
When we get the Surfinia seeds instead of a seedling already started, we can decide whether to give birth in pots or in the ground. Not withstanding the temperatures go below zero, it is often preferred to keep them in pots and then keep them, withdrawing them to the shelter. A bit like petunias. In pots they are still excellent plants, especially if used as decorations for flower beds as they do not grow very tall.
Returning to the vase, and to the Surfinia, it is necessary to choose it wisely so that it is not too low. We must not use small or even low containers because these plants want deep soil available, both because it retains more nutrients and retains moisture better and because it allows them to anchor well. Let's not forget that Surfinia hates the wind and is afraid of being overwhelmed by it, if too violent.
Also considering that often the Surfinia turns out to be like an annual plant, it has rather moderate prices: ranging from 4-5 euros to 12-15. There are many varieties and types, but in general it falls within the average prices of the plants we can count on to beautify our balcony or garden together with geraniums and petunias and what else we will discover passing from flower to flower.
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