Grafting scion

Grafting scion

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Grafting scion: right period, how and when to withdraw. How to store the scions and which branch to choose for grafting.

If your friend has a plant that produces excellent quality fruit, you cancultivate itan identical one thanks to the technique ofgrafting so that you have the same plant in your garden.

Theremultiplicationby seedit could equally give you a plant very similar to its mother, however you should wait years for the development and production of the fruits. Thanks to the grafting technique, you can skip the stages and have well-developed plants in a short time. Let's see how one is preserved graft graft, when to take it and on which rootstock it should be implanted.

Marza, meaning

Therescionornestois the portion of wood that we take in order to multiply the plants with the technique ofgrafting. With the grafting technique thescion(this portion of the branch) must be "implanted" on a stronger and well rooted plant that acts as arootstock

Scion for grafting, right period

The scion is collected in January, on the occasion of winter pruning and is used starting from March. Similarly, you can harvest in February and graft around April.

Thegrafting scionsthey can be taken during winter pruning. Who picks up thenesto(or scion) in the month of January can then use it in the month of March. This is a general rule for fruit plants, however I recommend that you read the dedicated articlewhen making the graft.

How to preserve the scion

Thereconservation of the graft(or scion) is a very old practice. The old peasants operated therestorageoutside, in a hole dug in the most sheltered area of ​​the garden. The hole was then covered with sand and soil. In this way theslipsthey were protected from freezing and kept moist and fresh until the following spring.

Today we cankeep the scions in the refrigerator. Today's agricultural practice recommends treatingslipswith a copper-based fungicide, possibly in powder form ... in practice you should dust the area of ​​the cut with a fungicidal powder. Among the most suitable (but still versatile) products on the market I would like to point out copper oxychloride, useful not only for preventing fungal infections on your graft but for treating fruit and vegetable plants. A pack of 18 grams is offered on Amazon at a price of 4.07 euros with free shipping.

Useful link from Amazon: Copper oxychloride

Afterdustedthe wound with the fungicidal powder, gather theslipsin bundles and wrap them in a cloth that will help keep them slightly moist. The cloth-wrapped scions are then transferred to a closed black plastic bag. This way you willkeep the scionscold then in the refrigerator or cellar. The temperature ofstorageit should be 4 ° C, not higher. In this way they are kept until the graft in March.

How to remove the scion

Therescionit must be taken from healthy branches, even better if those outermost from the foliage that will also be pruned.

Therescionmust be taken from abranchone year old, already lignified and vigorous but you will have to discard the old and big branches.

In the ideal, thebranchwhat do you cut forgrafting(so your graft or graft scion) must be 15 cm long and equipped with one or two buds.

Generally thescionit is picked up with scissors or grafting knife with clean and well sharpened blade. The cut must be clean and free of any fraying.

Rootstock for scion

Therescionit must be taken from the plant you intend to grow and multiply by grafting. To complete this technique, however, you will also need arootstock that is, a healthy plant, already formed and developed belonging to the samekindof the plant you intend to grow.

For example, if you wantgrow blood orangesvarietyTarot, you can withdraw onescionfrom the Tarot plant you like and implant it on a bitter orange plant. Again, if you want to do thegrafting of a plum tree you can get a wild Prunus plant from the nursery that will give yourootstock, if you are lucky, you can use a prunus grown from seed which, however, would not bear fruit without grafting.

Video: Grafting Mango: 2 Rootstock 1 Scion In 1 Step Grafting (August 2022).