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How to grow aloe vera: care, fertilizer, treatments and all the instructions on the cultivation of aloe in pots or in the ground.
From the best period to treatments, from fertilizer to treatments, in our guide article we will explain you in detailhow to grow aloe verain pots or in the garden.
Aloe vera, plant
L'aloe verait is one of the most popular species of the Aloaceae family. Its popularity is linked so much topropertybeneficial as much as the rusticity and ease of cultivation. There aloe vera plant it is characterized by a dense rosette structure.
Aloe is a hardy, rustic plant that prefers full sun exposure and a breezy climate.
It suffers from humid environments and temperatures below 5 ° C. Those who live in northern Italy will have to repair the plants in winter and take them outside only in summer.
Each plant has a size of about 60 cm in diameter and 60 - 70 cm in height, except for the stem that will lead to the development of the flower which is 90 cm long.
Aloe vera leaves
The succulent leaves develop from the center and spread up to a length of 50 - 58 cm.
The leaves arelanceolate, gray-green in color and have a velvety appearance with serrated edges.
Aloe vera flowers
Considering the appearance essential of the plant, not everyone would say it but… i flowers they are very decorative. In early summer, aloe vera manages to give a showyflowering.
Aloe vera flowers develop from the center of the rosette given by the leaves. In reality, what we call aloe vera flower is a showy inflorescence consisting of single tubular flowers (on average 3 cm long). The flowers are bright yellow and form the end of a long branched peduncle that extends beyond the leaves.
Aloe vera, cultivation
L'Aloe verait can be easilygrown in pots(on the balcony or at home) or in the open field.
Open-air cultivation can be risky in certain areas of Italy. Avoid growing aloe vera in the open field in very rainy, humid areas or where the sun does not shine for several hours a day.
In case of humidity, the aloe leaves they could be subject to rot as well as the root system itself.
The plant, despite being of African origin, adapts well to our climate, in fact it resists without problems even at temperatures below 10 ° C. It does not withstand temperatures below 5 ° C but ideally, it should be taken outside when temperatures are between 18 and 30 ° C.
Who intendsgrow aloe verain the open field he will have to be careful to protect the plant from winter frosts and cold currents.
Who intendsgrowing aloe vera at home, perhaps to take advantage of its ability to purify the domestic air, it will have to pay attention to humidity. At home, especially in winter, the air risks being too dry for aloe. Aloe, when grown at home, wants a certain humidity.
How to grow Aloe vera
After having clarified the climatic needs of the plant, let's move on tocultivationreal.
Plants ofaloe verathey can be purchased already ripe at a trusted dealer, multiplied by cutting or grown from seed.
The right time to start growing aloe? March and the first half of April is the ideal time forsow aloe vera. For planting in the open field, only possible in southern Italy, it is advisable to wait for the summer and the month of July.
The soil must be sandy and well drained: thealoe verait can't stand water stagnation, even in saucers! It is necessary to be careful not to wet the leaves that could suffer from it. For these reasons, the drip irrigation method can be recommended.
When to repot aloe vera
From year to year, the plant will increase in size therefore it will be necessary to repot in the spring months.
Therepotting of aloe verait should be practiced every 2-3 years, according to the growth rate of your specimen. At the time ofrepottingit will be necessary to completely renew the soil.
Aloe vera is not easy to repot because the plant itself weighs a lot and has an expanded shape. Better to do this in two and use very sturdy gloves.
Aloe vera pruning
L'aloe verait does not need any type of pruning, if dry or rotten leaves appear, they must be removed with the utmost care. Chemical or fertilization treatments are not recommended: chemical fertilizers could be useful but not essential, moreover they could compromise the quality and purity of the aloe vera gel that will be obtained from the leaves.
With the gel obtained from the leaves it will be possible to obtain anti-cellulite creams, moisturizers, after-sun blends and much more.
Aloe vera in pots
Therecultivation of aloe vera in potsit is possible as long as very large containers are used. The root system of aloe vera needs space to develop.
At the bottom of the pot you will necessarily have to arrange 3 - 4 cm of gravel to facilitate the draining of the water.
You can use universal soil to mix with sand and perlite (1/3).
Perlite should not be overlooked and can be useful in many crops. What is it for? It serves to aerate the soil in order to prevent root rot, fungal diseases and other problems that could limit the growth of the plant or even cause its death.
Perlite, as well as sand, can be found in specialized shops (nurseries, garden centers, agricultural consortia…) or by taking advantage of online sales. On Amazon, a 7-liter bag of perlite can be bought for € 15.23 with free shipping.
For all the info, I refer you to the product sheet: Perlite for soil.
Aloe vera, properties
The active ingredients contained inAloe vera,among other things, they facilitate the transit of food in the gastrointestinal tract, thus limiting the absorption of excess fat and calories.
For all the info: Aloe vera, properties